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Who is Rupert Murdoch?

Personal:
Birth date: March 11, 1931 Birth place: Melbourne, AustraliaBirth name: Keith Rupert Murdo..

Personal:
Birth date:
March 11, 1931 Birth place: Melbourne, AustraliaBirth name: Keith Rupert MurdochFather: Keith Murdoch, journalist and newspaper publisher Mother: Elisabeth (Greene) Murdoch, philanthropistMarriages: Jerry Hall (March 4, 2016 – present);Wendi (Deng) Murdoch (1999-2013, divorced); Anna (Torv) Murdoch (1967-1999, divorced); Patricia (Booker) Murdoch (1956-1967, divorced) Children: with Wendi (Deng) Murdoch: Chloe, 2003; Grace, 2001; with Anna (Torv) Murdoch: James, 1972; Lachlan, 1971; Elisabeth, 1968; with Patricia (Booker) Murdoch: Prudence, 1958Education: Worcester College, Oxford University, 1953Other Facts:
Founder of News Corporation, Ltd., which has holdings in cable, film, television, internet, direct broadcast satellite television, sports, publishing and other fields.Murdoch has been compared to William Randolph Hearst, who is often considered the founder of tabloid-style journalism.Timeline:
1952 –
Murdoch's newspaper publisher father dies, leaving him control of the News Ltd. company in Adelaide, Australia. 1954 – Murdoch begins running News Ltd. 1956 – Purchases Perth's Sunday Times.1960 – Purchases Sydney newspapers the Daily Mirror and Sunday Mirror. 1964 – Starts The Australian, a national paper.1969 – Becomes a London publisher when he gains control of the paper News of the World. Also acquires The Sun, which he transforms into a tabloid. 1973 – Expands to the United States by purchasing the San Antonio Express and the San Antonio News.1974 – Moves to the United States.1974 – Starts the National Star weekly tabloid to compete with the National Enquirer. 1976 – Purchases the New York Post. 1977 – Purchases New York Magazine, Corp., which includes New York magazine and The Village Voice. Murdoch has since sold both The Village Voice and New York magazine.1979 – Forms News Corporation in Australia. 1981 – Purchases The Times of London.1982 – Purchases The Boston Herald.1983 – Purchases the Chicago Sun-Times. 1985 –Purchases Twentieth Century Fox from oilman Marvin Davis for $600 million. September 1985 – Becomes a naturalized citizen of the United States.1986 – Purchases several US television stations and creates Fox Broadcasting. 1987 – Purchases US publishing house Harper & Row for $300 million. 1988 – Sells the New York Post because of laws prohibiting ownership of newspapers and TV stations in the same market.1990 – Merges Harper and Row and two other publishing operations into HarperCollins.1993 – Purchases Star TV, a satellite television service based in Hong Kong.1993 – Buys back the New York Post. 1996 – Launches the Fox News Channel.1998-2004 – Owns the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team. 2000 – Treated for prostate cancer. 2004 – Shifts News Corp. incorporation from Australia to the United States.2005 – Purchases Intermix Media, owner of MySpace.com, for $580 million. 2007 – Purchases Dow Jones, the publisher of The Wall Street Journal.March 2011 – Murdoch's son, James, is named News Corp.'s deputy chief operating officer and chairman and CEO of News International.July 2011 – Sells Myspace.com for $35 million. July 16, 2011 – Murdoch meets with the family of murdered teen Milly Dowler, and personally apologizes for the hacking of Dowler's phone by News of the World staff. July 19, 2011 – Murdoch and his son, James, testify before Parliament's Culture, Media and Sport Committee on the phone hacking scandal enveloping News Group Intl. During the testimony, a protester hits Murdoch with a pie made of shaving cream.February 29, 2012 – James Murdoch resigns as deputy COO, chairman and CEO of News InternationalMarch 2012 – The months long FBI investigation into allegations of bribery by officials of a Russian subsidiary of News Corp., News Outdoor Russia (NOR), comes to light. NOR, a billboard company, paid to advertise in public space on government owned property. News Corp sold its interest in NOR July 2011.April 5, 2012 – John Ryley, the head of Sky News, admits to authorizing journalists to hack into emails of private citizens. Sky News is owned by News Corp.April 24, 2012 – James Murdoch testifies before an independent British inquiry into journalistic ethics. He insists that he knew little about the scale of phone hacking by people working for the News of the World.April 26, 2012 – Murdoch testifies before the same committee. He admits to a cover-up of abuses at News of the World and apologizes for not paying more attention to the scandal. May 1, 2012 – British lawmakers investigating phone hacking at News of the World declare that Rupert Murdoch is not a "fit person to exercise the stewardship of a major international company." June 28, 2012 – News Corp. confirms that it plans to split into two publicly traded companies, one company for its television and film assets and the other for its newspaper and book publishing entities. Once the split is completed, Rupert Murdoch will serve as chairman of both companies and will also serve as CEO of the media and entertainment company. July 21, 2012 – A News International spokesman says that Rupert Murdoch has stepped down from a number of company boards of directors, both in the UK and the US.October 13, 2012 – Murdoch tweets about "scumbag" celebrities. Many speculated he was referring to singer Charlotte Church and television presenter Jacqui Hames after they met with British Prime Minister David Cameron to discuss the potential reform of Britain's media laws. Murdoch tweets later that he wasn't referring to "particular people" and apologizes for his language.December 2012 – James Murdoch becomes deputy COO of the Fox Group.January 2015 – Following the Paris terror attacks, Murdoch is criticized for tweeting "Maybe most Moslems peaceful, but until they recognize and destroy their growing jihadist cancer they must be held responsible." Later he tries to clarify his comments by tweeting "Certainly did not mean all Muslims responsible for Paris attack. But Muslim community must debate and confront extremism."June 16, 2015 – It is announced that Murdoch's sons will take control of 21st Century Fox on July 1.January 11, 2016 – Announces his engagement to Jerry Hall, the former model who has four children with Mick Jagger.March 4, 2016 – Marries Jerry Hall at Spencer House in London. The celebratory wedding takes place at St. Bride's Church in London, the next day.July 21, 2016 –Takes over as chairman and acting CEO of Fox News Channel and Fox Business Network as Roger Ailes resigns amid allegations by Fox employees of sexual harassment. August 12, 2016 –Names Bill Shine and Jack Abernethy as co-presidents of Fox News to replace Ailes. The two will report to Murdoch. December 9, 2016 – Murdoch's 21st Century Fox strikes a deal to take full control of Sky, one of the world's leading pay TV providers, in an offer that values Sky at $23.3 billion. March 2017 – Forbes names Murdoch, with a net worth of $13.1 billion, No. 90 on its annual World's Billionaires list. He is tied with Heinz Hermann Thiele. June 29, 2017 – The British government rules that Murdoch's 21st Century Fox should not be allowed to purchase Sky without a further investigation. Fox says it will "continue to work constructively with the UK authorities." August 29, 2017 – 21st Century Fox says it's pulling Fox off the air in Britain after failing to attract an audience. September 12, 2017 – UK culture secretary Karen Bradley says she intends to order an extensive review of 21st Century Fox's $15 billion planned takeover of Sky TV because of concerns over "genuine commitment to broadcasting standards" and the increased influence it would give the Murdoch family over British media.December 14, 2017 – The Walt Disney Company announces it is purchasing most of 21st Century Fox for $52.4 billion.

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Europe

Aliku Ogorchukwu: Wife of Nigerian killed in Italy demands justice

The wife of a Nigerian street trader who was killed in Italy has told the BBC she is seeking justice following his “painful death”.

Aliku Ogorchukwu, 39, was reportedly selling handkerchiefs in the seaside town of Civitanova Marche on Friday when he was chased and beaten to death.

A 32-year-old Italian has been arrested on suspicion of murder and robbery.

A video circulating online shows a man on top of Ogorchukwu, punching him with his bare hands.

None of those who witnessed the broad daylight attack appeared to intervene.

“This is a form of wickedness I don’t know,” Ogorchukwu’s wife, Charity Oriachi, told the BBC’s Focus on Africa.

Ms Oriachi said she had received help in coming to terms with her husband’s death but was tired of “talk”. Now, she was only interested in justice, she insisted.

Her family had lived in Italy for a long time, she said, stressing that her husband had never sought any trouble.

The killing has sparked outrage in the local community, including Nigerians, who took to the streets over the weekend and are planning another demonstration soon.

The Nigerian government has asked Italian authorities to quickly “bring the perpetrator of the heinous act” to justice.

Suspect not released

The suspect – a white man named as Filippo Claudio Giuseppe Ferlazzo – has been ordered to remain in jail as the investigation continues.

His defence lawyer told the media the suspect had said he was sorry and that there was “no racial element” involved.

A police investigator said Ogorchukwu was attacked after the trader’s “insistent” requests to the suspect and his partner for spare change.

The partner, identified as Elena D, told Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera that Ogorchukwu had touched her arm, but that did not bother her.

Ms Oriachi now wants to see the suspect “face to face”, to understand why he killed her husband, the family’s lawyer told the Associated Press.

Read from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-62384560

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Ukrainian widow confronts Russian soldier accused of killing her husband

In the very first days of this invasion a 62-year-old unarmed civilian was shot dead on a village street outside his Ukrainian home. His name was Oleksandr Shelipov.

Three months later and the captured Russian soldier accused of killing him is in Kyiv being tried for a war crime.

Standing up in court to confront the 21-year-old defendant on Thursday was Kateryna Shelipova, the widow of the man killed.

Did he repent his crime, she asked?

The Russian tank commander, Vadim Shishimarin, replied that he admitted his guilt and asked for her forgiveness. “But I understand you won’t be able to forgive me,” he added.

Kateryna Shelipova hadn’t finished. “Tell me please, why did you [Russians] come here? To protect us?” she asked, citing Vladimir Putin’s justification for the invasion of Ukraine.

“Protect us from whom? Did you protect me from my husband, whom you killed?”

The soldier had no answer to that.

This landmark trial marks the first time a Russian serviceman has been put on the stand for war crimes since the invasion of Ukraine was launched in February.

And perhaps such raw encounters are what such trials are about, at least in part. Forcing a soldier – who ignored all the rules of war – to face up to exactly what he has done and the suffering he has caused.

Sgt Shishimarin has pleaded guilty and Ukrainian prosecutors are asking for him to be sentenced to life imprisonment.

On Wednesday, Ms Shelipova told me she actually felt sorry for the soldier, but she could not forgive him for this crime.

She heard the shots that killed her husband, then saw Sgt Shishimarin through her gate – holding his weapon.

Five minutes later she says she saw her husband’s body: “He was dead with a shot in his head. I started screaming very loudly.”

“The loss of my husband is everything for me,” Ms Shelipova said, adding: “He was my protector.”

‘It killed him’

Recalling the events of 28 February, Vadim Shishimarin said he and a small group of other Russian soldiers had become separated from their unit and hijacked a car in order to return to it.

“As we were driving, we saw a man. He was talking on the phone,” the defendant said.

He claimed that he hadn’t wanted to fire the fatal shots, that he was following orders – threatened by another soldier if he refused to do as he was told.

“He said I would be putting us in danger if I didn’t. I shot him at short range. It killed him,” the 21-year-old tank commander told the court.

Interestingly, his defence lawyer – appointed by the state – told me that no Russian official has been in touch with him, including from its defence ministry.

There is no Russian embassy in Kyiv these days, so no contact from there either.

President Vladimir Putin’s spokesman yesterday told the BBC that the Kremlin has “no information” about this case.

All in all, it feels rather like the young soldier has been abandoned to his fate by the commanders who sent him to war and continue to deny that their forces commit crimes here.

We also heard from a second Russian soldier who witnessed the killing in February and later surrendered to Ukrainian forces.

Ivan Maltysev, another slight and young-looking 21-year-old, told the court how the Russian soldiers spotted Oleksandr Shelipov while they were driving the stolen car.

Mr Maltysev claimed that Vadim Shishimarin was then ordered to shoot the victim because he was on the phone.

“Vadim didn’t do it. So the soldier, whose name I don’t know, turned round in the car and shouted that Vadim had to carry out the order, or we would be informed on.

“At this point, we were almost alongside the civilian and, under pressure, Vadim fired. He fired three or four rounds.”

Ukraine has so far identified more than 11,000 possible war crimes committed by Russia.

Moscow has denied its troops have targeted civilians, but investigators have been collecting evidence of possible war crimes to bring before the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague.

This trial is Ukraine’s chance to prove, beyond doubt, that a Russian soldier killed a civilian with no regard for the rules of war.

Its prosecutors know they are in the spotlight, proceeding so quickly, and in the middle of a war.

That is why they are keen to be as transparent and thorough as possible – so that this is not seen as a show trial, but part of a vital quest for justice.

Read from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-6151164

 

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Europe

Stop matching lone female Ukraine refugees with single men, UK told

The UN refugee agency has called on the UK government to intervene to stop single British men from being matched up with lone Ukrainian women seeking refuge from war because of fears of sexual exploitation.

Following claims that predatory men are using the Homes for Ukraine scheme to target the vulnerable, the United Nations high commissioner for refugees (UNHCR) told the Guardian “a more appropriate matching process” could be put in place to ensure women and women with children are matched with families or couples.

The suggestion from the global refugee agency follows reports that Ukrainian refugees, predominantly women and sometimes accompanied by children, are at risk in the UK of sexual exploitation.

Under the government’s Homes for Ukraine scheme, British hosts must link up with Ukrainian refugees themselves, leaving tens of thousands of people to resort to unregulated social media groups to connect.

A government-backed matching service run by the charity Reset offers to match UK hosts with refugees but has been operating for just over a week. Those who want to move to the UK must have a sponsor before applying for a visa.

In a statement, the UNHCR said there was a need for adequate safeguards and vetting measures to be in place against exploitation, as well as adequate support for sponsors. “[The] UNHCR believes that a more appropriate matching process could be put in place by ensuring that women and women with children are matched with families or couples, rather than with single men.

“Matching done without the appropriate oversight may lead to increasing the risks women may face, in addition to the trauma of displacement, family separation and violence already experienced,” a spokesperson said.

Leading refugee charities raised their concerns about the Homes for Ukraine scheme in a letter to Michael Gove, the minister in charge of the scheme. Louise Calvey, the head of safeguarding at the charity Refugee Action, told the Observer it was at risk of being a “Tinder for sex traffickers”.

One 32-year-old woman from Bakhmut, Ukraine, who has been searching for an appropriate person to match in the UK, wrote that she had received suggestive messages from men on Facebook’s Messenger app. “I was approached by one older guy from London who said that I would have to share a bedroom with him, and was asked if I was OK with that,” she said in an email seen by the Guardian.

The Sunday Times reported this week that a journalist posing as a 22-year-old Ukrainian woman from Kyiv found that within minutes of posting a message on the largest Facebook group for UK hosts she was inundated with inappropriate messages.

Some men lied about having several bedrooms in their one-bed homes while another proposed sharing a bed, writing: “I have a large bed. We could sleep together.” Another sent a voice note that said: “I am ready to help you and maybe you can help me also.”

In its statement, the UNHCR also raised concerns about the repercussions should the original UK host prove a potential threat to the safety of the refugee, and the six-month minimum duration on the Homes for Ukraine scheme.

“UNHCR believes that appropriate training and information are needed to ensure that hosts make an informed decision when applying to become sponsors. Housing a stranger in an extra bedroom for an extended period is not, for some people, sustainable,” the spokesperson said.

There is growing public anger over the length of time that Ukrainians are being forced to wait before being given visas from the Home Office amid the biggest refugee crisis in Europe since the second world war.

Priti Patel, the home secretary, apologised on Friday for the time it had taken for Ukrainian refugees to arrive in the UK under two visa schemes, after figures showed only 12,000 had so far reached Britain.

Reports on Tuesday claimed Gove had been accused of bullying Home Office officials by Patel’s permanent secretary, Matthew Rycroft.

Asked to respond to the UNHCR’s request for an intervention on sexual exploitation of Ukrainian women, a government spokesperson said: “Attempts to exploit vulnerable people are truly despicable – this is why we have designed our Homes for Ukraine scheme to have specific safeguards in place, including robust security and background checks on all sponsors, both by the Home Office and local authorities.

“Councils must make at least one in-person visit to a sponsors property and following guests arrival, they have a duty to ensure the guest is safe and well.

“We have also partnered with the charity Reset Communities and Refugees to fund and provide a matching service for sponsors and refugees to ensure that matches made are suitable, safe and successful. This service will vet eligibility, assess needs, and provide training for sponsors to ensure they

ensure they can support the people they host.”

Asked to confirm or deny whether there had been a complaint that Gove had bullied staff, the spokesperson added: “Humanitarian schemes set up in record time by the Home Office and the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities working closely together are helping thousands of Ukrainians find safety in the UK.”

 

Read from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/apr/13/stop-matching-lone-female-ukraine-refugees-with-single-men-uk-told

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