For years, Katherine Hough, 27, suffered from a series of mystifying symptoms.
"I had unexplained stomach pains. Then when I got to university I began to faint frequently, my hair was falling out, I had severe joint pains and was constantly tired. My Mum thought it was down to my hectic student lifestyle."
A visit to her GP and two blood tests for iron levels revealed that she was suffering from genetic haemochromatosis or GH – a genetic condition which causes iron to overload in the body.
Most of us think of iron as a strength-giver and worry more about iron deficiency. There is little awareness of the risks of iron overload, and confusingly some of the symptoms, like fatigue, can be the same.
Says Katherine: "I was very lucky to get a quick diagnosis. A lot of health professionals believe women do not show symptoms until much later in life, which can then lead to potential organ damage.
"In the last year, I have had about 30 hospital and health visits. Today I suffer from chronic fatigue, IBS, and joint pains in my knees, hands and elbows. The only treatment for this is venesection, where I have a pint of blood removed every few months.
"I do feel lucky that I was diagnosed young as it allows me to monitor my health. Some days I am in excruciating pain, other days I am fine. But there needs to be more awareness of this condition."
What is genetic haemochromatosis?
- GH is a condition which leads to the accumulation of iron in the organs of the body
- In the UK, it is thought that approximately 250,000 people are at risk of GH, although many are undiagnosed, and the risk is higher for men than women
- It is caused by a faulty gene – Northern Europeans with Celtic origins, particularly of Irish backgrounds, are more likely to carry the gene
- Symptoms of GH include fatigue, joint disease, skin problems, and sexual health issues. Left untreated GH can cause serious illness such as liver cancer and cirrhosis.
- Treatment is relatively simple and consists of venesection (bloodletting). As the body makes more blood to replace that taken, it uses up the excess stored iron.
Source: Haemochromatosis UK
'The most common condition you've never heard of'
A recent report by the charity Haemochromatosis UK (HUK) surveyed 2,000 people with the condition worldwide.
It found that 73% of patients suffered with psychological difficulties, 81% experienced fatigue and 87% experienced arthritis or joint pain.
Although most were satisfied with their treatment by specialists, about a third highlighted that information and support from GPs was poor.
The report was launched at the House of Commons, where MPs, campaigners and patients gathered to help raise awareness of the condition.
Dr Edward Fitzsimons, consultant haematologist, University of Glasgow, said: "Haemochromatosis is one of the most frequent genetic disorders found in North European populations.
"Yet it is a condition that all too easily escapes diagnosis.
"For every one patient diagnosed, there are some eight to 10 who are undiagnosed.
"It is without doubt the most common condition you have never heard of."
'I felt like an old aching lady instead of a young teen'
Abigail Harvey, 19, was diagnosed with haemochromatosis at just 15.
Up to that point she had suffered from severe period pain cramps and joint pain as well as depression. Aged 14 she was taken to hospital for attempting suicide.
"A lovely counsellor I was seeing suggested I get thorough blood tests.
"I had severe pains all over my body, and felt like an aching old lady rather than a young teen.
"Everyone around me thought I was anaemic, but it turned out I was suffering from too much iron.
"Many doctors I was seeing asked me to explain my condition! Why is it that so much is known about anaemia but not its evil cousin?"
Since diagnosis, Abigail has been treated with blood removal, with limited success.
"I can't stress enough to ask your doctor to check your iron levels if you experience any of these symptoms," she said.
David Head, chief executive of Haemochromatosis UK, said: "Abigail's story of menstrual problems, joint pains, mental health issues, delayed diagnosis and the tribulations of treatment will resonate with many patients.
"We cannot stress enough how important it is that healthcare professionals are as aware of iron overload as they are of iron deficiency, and test properly when patients describe these problems."
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‘Exhilarating’ implant turns thoughts to speech
Scientists have developed a brain implant that can read people's minds and turn their thoughts ..
Scientists have developed a brain implant that can read people's minds and turn their thoughts to speech.
The team at the University of California, San Francisco says the technology is "exhilarating".
They add that their findings, published in the journal Nature, could help people when disease robs them of their ability to talk.
Experts said the findings were compelling and offered hope of restoring speech.
How does it work?
The mind-reading technology works in two stages.
First an electrode is implanted in the brain to pick up the electrical signals that manoeuvre the lips, tongue, voice box and jaw.
Then powerful computing is used to simulate how the movements in the mouth and throat would form different sounds.
This results in synthesised speech coming out of a "virtual vocal tract".
Why do it like that?
You might think it would be easier to scour the brain for the pattern of electrical signals that code for each word.
However, attempts to do so have only had limited success. (more…)
Measles: Half a million UK children missed jab
More than half a million children in the UK were not given a crucial measles jab between 2010 and 20..
More than half a million children in the UK were not given a crucial measles jab between 2010 and 2017, an analysis by children's charity Unicef reveals.
It comes as NHS chief Simon Stevens warned measles cases had almost quadrupled in England in just one year and urged families to get the vaccine.
He said people rejecting vaccines was a "growing public health time bomb".
Globally, the report shows, 169 million children were not given a first dose of measles vaccine between 2010 and 2017.
Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that can lead to serious health complications – including infections of the lungs and brain – and is sometimes fatal.
Health experts say children should have two doses of the vaccine to fully protect against the disease.
But, according to Unicef, a mixture of complacency, misinformation, scepticism about immunisations, and a lack of access to jabs has led to inadequate vaccination rates globally.
The report shows that between 2010 and 2017:
- The US topped the list for the number of unvaccinated children in high-income countries, with 2,593,000 missing the first dose of the vaccine
- The comparable figure for France was 600,000
- The UK came third, with 527,000 children not getting their first dose of the vaccine over the seven-year period
- In Nigeria, four million children under one did not get the first dose of the vaccine
Figures for the second dose of the measles vaccine "were even more alarming", Unicef said.
It found 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa had not introduced a second dose, putting more than 17 million infants a year at a greater risk of getting measles as a child. (more…)
No sedentary screen time for babies, WHO says
Babies and toddlers should not be left to passively watch TV or other screens, according to new Worl..
Babies and toddlers should not be left to passively watch TV or other screens, according to new World Health Organization guidelines.
Sedentary screen time, including computer games, should not happen before a child is two, the WHO says.
The limit for two- to four-year-olds is an hour a day and less is better.
The UK has no plans to update its own advice on screen use, which sets no time limits, although it says children should avoid screens before bedtime.
The UK's Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health insists there is little evidence screen use for children is harmful in itself.
The new WHO advice focuses on passive viewing – youngsters being placed in front of a TV or computer screen or handed a tablet or mobile phone for entertainment – and is aimed at tackling child inactivity, a leading risk factor for global mortality and obesity-related ill health.
It is the first time the WHO has made recommendations on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under five.
As well as warning against passive screen time, it says babies should not spend longer than an hour at a time strapped into a buggy, car seat or sling.
The guidelines will be presented at the European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow on Sunday.
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