DOHA: Under the patronage of Prime Minister and Interior Minister H E Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani and with the participation of over 250 organisations, the largest international conference themed “National, Regional and International Mechanisms to Combat Impunity and Ensure Accountability under international law” will begin today at the Ritz-Carlton Doha.
The two-day conference is being organised by the Qatar National Human Rights Committee (QNHRC) in partnership with the European Parliament, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI).
The conference will feature rich discussions in four main sessions and three working groups, and total of more than 20 research papers will be presented aiming at developing practical proposals. The conference will be an important platform for deliberations on the assessment and development of national and regional mechanisms to ensure combating impunity under international law.
The opening session of the conference will be addressed by Dr. Ali bin Smaikh Al Marri, Chairman of the QNHRC; Antonio Benziri, Chairman of the European Parliament Human Rights Committee; Michelle Bachelet, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights; Carlos Alfonso Negret Muskira, President of the GANHRI and Catherine Marchi-Ohel, President of the International and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes Committed in Syria.
Over 250 representatives of governmental and non-governmental organisations, as well as the heads and experts of international commissions of inquiry, senior OHCHR staff, representatives of the United Nations contractual and non-contractual committees, experts and judges of specialized international tribunals and the International Criminal Court experts and lawyers who have filed cases before national courts operating in universal jurisdiction will attend the conference.
In addition, some specialised international agencies, regional human rights mechanisms, chairpersons of the European Parliament, national human rights institutions, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, research centers and think tanks in Europe and other relevant bodies and organizations as well as regional networks of national institutions will participate in the conference.
This is a big participation of a large number of journalists unions from the four continents and a number of representatives of Arab universities.
The working papers will be presented by important and competent figures on the issue of impunity, accountability and trial by experts, courts and international organizations, including the President of the African Court of Human and Peoples Rights and the International Prosecutor of the International Tribunal for Sierra Leone, as well as officials from the International Coalition of the International Criminal Court and parliamentarians; chairman of the committee of inquiry in Myanmar, the head of the UN Commission of Inquiry in Syria, judges of the International Criminal Court, heads of major international organisations, ministers of human rights and justice of some Arab countries, senior officials of the United Nations and the European Parliament, Commission on Human Rights in the European Parliament.
The opening session will be followed by three important sessions, moderated by officials and experts from international and international organizations. The first session of the Conference deals with the issue of “accountability for grave violations of human rights and international humanitarian law discussing two fundamental areas: investigation, prosecution, and the right of victims to redress, in accordance with the fundamental principles and guidelines of international law.”
The session will be chaired by Mohammed Ali Al Nosor, Director of the Middle East and North Africa division of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Office in Geneva, and Rapporteur Anna Katolo, OHCHR, Geneva.
The speakers at this session include Brenda J. Hollis, Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone; Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syrian; Mona Rishmawi, Chief of the Rule of Law, Equality and Non-Discrimination Branch, OHCHR; and Nicole Amelin, Vice-Chairperson of the CEDAW Committee, UN.
The second session of the Conference will discuss “Protecting and promoting human rights in the fight against impunity” under three main theme: “The right to know, the right to justice, the right to compensation and guarantees of non-repetition”.
The session will be chaired by Ore Sylvain, President of African Court on Human and Peoples Rights and Rapporteur of the meeting will be Yasmin Abu Mansour, OHCHR. Marzuki Darusman, Chair of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar; Simon Adams, Executive Director of the Global Center for Responsibility to Protect; Ahmed Chawki Benyoub, the ministerial representative responsible for human rights in Morocco, and François Membrez, lawyer and international expert, Geneva will participate in the session.
The second day of the Conference will consist three simultaneous working group sessions on “Good practices, lessons learned and concrete proposals to combat impunity”.
The first working group will examines the issue of “Access to Justice: Basic Principles and Guidelines”, and will be chaired by Nikolo Vieja Tlemanca, Secretary-General of “No Peace Without Justice” in Italy and Rapporteur, Michael Wiener of the OHCHR.
Presenters include Catherine Marchi-Uhel, Head of the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to assist in the investigation and prosecution of persons responsible for the most serious crimes under International Law committed in the Syrian and Kimberly Prost, Judge at the International Criminal Court, UN, Hague, Dijwaida Siachi, President of the Rohingya Support Group in the United States of America.
The second working group will discusses the issue redressing and is chaired by Karen Smith, Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Responsibility to Protect, and Rapporteur, Anna Katolo, OHCHR. Speakers will include Ben Keith, lawyer and Heidi Djekstal, a lawyer specializing in international criminal law and human rights, both of them from UK.
Working Group III will discuss access to information on violations and compensation mechanisms, chaired by Fausto Pocar, President of the Institute of International of Humanitarian Law, and Rapporteur, Yasmin Abu Mansour, OHCHR.
The speakers include Michel Fathi, Vice President of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law and Ambassador of the Sovereign Order of Malta to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons; and Amal Nassar, Permanent Representative of the International Criminal Court, International Federation for Human Rights.
The Conference will conclude with remarks in a session chaired by Dr Ali bin Smaikh Al Marri, Chairman of NHRC, Vice-President and Secretary-General of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions.
The conference is expected to produce important recommendations that will make a leap in the development and effectiveness of these mechanisms, especially in light of the field experiences of the participating organizations and their impact on mobilizing international public opinion.
More than 50 leading media outlets in world capitals such as Washington, Paris, Geneva, Brussels, Madrid and Berlin, including 20 of the worlds leading opinion writers, will attend the conference testify to the importance of the issue of “preventing impunity” as one of the issues that occupy world public opinion for the development and evaluation of the effectiveness of the international, regional and national system to combat impunity in cases of gross violations of human rights law and international humanitarian law at the level of mechanisms, organs and legislation.
Norway Should Immediately Investigate the Mysterious Death of Palestinian Shatha Al-Barghouti
Geneva – The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor calls on the Norwegian government to immediatel..
Geneva – The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor calls on the Norwegian government to immediately investigate the death of 17-year-old Palestinian Shatha Al-Barghouti, who died last Wednesday while in custody of the Norwegian Child Welfare Services, Barnevernet.
Shatha Al-Barghouti was taken, along with her two younger siblings, from her parents about seven years ago by Barnevernet on grounds of parental neglect, although, Shathas parents tried desperately to prove otherwise and showed great remorse over the reasons that led to such situation.
Barnevernet has been widely criticised on both national and international levels for many reasons, one of which has been over how the agency takes over custody too easily, where it has a too low threshold for taking action and confiscating children from their parents. The agency has been also ill-reputed for the suffering and abuse some children experience while living in its orphanages.
According to Shathas parents, she had petitioned Barnevernet to be reunited with her parents as she was close to the age of becoming legally responsible for herself. However, two weeks before her reunification, Shatha was found dead and her death was explained as suicide.
The family refuses such explanation and consistently demands an immediate independent and transparent investigation into the death of their eldest daughter. The family also fears for the fate of Shathas two younger siblings and demands to regain custody over them again immediately to provide the necessary safety for them that Barnevernet crucially failed to provide for their late elder sister.
Therefore, Euro-Med Monitor calls on the Norwegian government to immediately intervene and launch a serious investigation into the circumstances that led to Sathas death, in order to hold accountable anyone who might have contributed to this fate.
Euro-Med Monitor also demands the immediate release of Sathas two younger siblings, Mohammed and Ahmed, to be reunited with their deeply aggrieved parents, whove been living in terrible fear and trauma ever since the three children were taken away from them.
Euro-Med Monitor emphasizes that giving the parents another chance to prove themselves worthy of the custody over their two remaining children is the least the Norwegian government could do to compensate for the negligence that led to Sathas death.
Finally, Euro-Med Monitor calls on the Norwegian government to thoroughly revise the mechanisms and structures that govern Barnevernets conduct, and to undertake immediate disciplinary actions against Barnevernet to ensure the safety and wellbeing of children held by the agency so that the terrible incident of Sathas death would be the last of such kind.
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Deadly airstrikes and drone hits displace thousands of civilians in Libya
Intensifying clashes in the southern Libyan town of Murzuq involving air and drone strikes in recent..
Intensifying clashes in the southern Libyan town of Murzuq involving air and drone strikes in recent days have left at least 90 people dead and displaced thousands of “terrified” civilians, the UN said on Tuesday.
“Casualties on all sides of the fighting have continued as a result of airstrikes by planes and drones, indiscriminate rocket attacks and shelling, and direct fighting on the ground,” said Jens Laerke, spokesperson for the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
OCHAs warning over the small oasis town echoes concerns by the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and other UN agencies.
The alert follows reports by local media that the clashes involved tribal opponents of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) of commander Khalifa Haftar, which began an offensive on the southern outskirts of Libyas capital, Tripoli, in April.
Asked about the identities of the victims in Murzuq, Mr. Laerke replied that they included children.
“It is a civilian area, its in a country where people tend – families tend – to be big and there are many children,” he said, before highlighting a deadly mortar strike on a house for displaced people in the Bendalwah neighbourhood earlier this month.
“We know for a fact at least (of) six children, two of them were killed, four of them were injured in a strike that hit a house, hosting internally displaced people on 8 August,” Mr. Laerke added.
According to the UN migration agency, IOM, 9,450 people have been displaced by the violence in and around Murzuq since the beginning of August.
At least 3,000 of them have been uprooted since violence intensified last week, IOM said.
“Most families previously displaced within neighbourhoods of Murzuq City have also left the town to nearby communities,” an IOM statement read. “Reported displacements include around 300 migrants from Niger, Chad and Nigeria.”
Families too terrified to seek safety
Nonetheless, many “are of course terrified that if they move, they will be perceived as affiliated to one side of the other and maybe targeted”, Mr Laerke said. “Some families are reluctant to leave the affected areas because they are afraid of reprisals.”
To respond to urgent needs, the UN and partner humanitarian organizations “are responding with emergency health care, food distribution, shelter and non-food items”, Mr. Laerke added, noting that access remains difficult, “due to the active fighting”.
Earlier this month, the World Health Organization (WHO) shipped medical supplies to support health facilities in Murzuqs conflict zone, with enough supplies to help 60,000 people for three months and 600 surgical procedures.
Access is far more limited inside Murzuq itself, “with many roads damaged and many roadblocks,” Mr. Laerke said.
Amid growing humanitarian needs, the OCHA spokesperson appealed to all parties involved in the fighting to “allow people to leave if they so wish, so they can reach a place where they can be assisted, and of course to spare civilians and civilian infrastructure in the first place, according to international humanitarian law.”
Additional support from the international community is needed to help the vulnerable, Mr. Laerke said, noting that the $202 million Humanitarian Response Plan for Libya is currently only 30 per cent funded.
Euro-Med and HUMENA: Israeli demolition of Palestinian homes in Jerusalem amounts to ethnic cleansing
Geneva – The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor and HUMENA for Human Rights and Civil Participa..
Geneva – The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor and HUMENA for Human Rights and Civil Participation said in a statement that the systematic destruction of Palestinian homes and property in occupied East Jerusalem is approved by the US administration, which legalized these crimes by declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel amid international silence that amounts to complicity.
In a report that monitored human rights violations in Jerusalem during July 2019, the Euro-Med and HUMENA said that Israeli authorities have stepped up their arbitrary violations against Palestinians living in occupied East Jerusalem. Last month witnessed the largest mass destruction in a single day since 1967 as Israeli authorities demolished 11 residential buildings (72 apartments) in a crime amounting to ethnic cleansing.
The report, entitled “Wadi al-Hummus in Jerusalem; facing Israeli ethnic cleansing,” said that the destruction of Palestinian buildings resulted in the displacement of 22 people, including (14) children, and deprived more than (70) families from their apartments, most of which were still under construction.
The report added that since the beginning of 2019, Israeli authorities destroyed more than 59 houses in East Jerusalem until mid-2019. While 2018 witnessed 215 demolitions.
In addition to Wadi al- Hummus neighborhood, Israeli occupation forces destroyed a car park, a garage, a warehouse, a car wash and five shops in the last month.
The Euro-Med and HUMENA monitored five complex violations as part of crimes of settlement expansion and Judaization of the occupied city, most notably the seizure of a Palestinian house and a building evacuation by force in order to hand both over to Israeli settlers. Moreover, at the same time of the demolition of Palestinian homes, Israeli occupation authorities approved the establishment of 216 new housing units in the Gilo settlement.
Several parties, including the Israeli government, municipal authorities of Jerusalem or judicial authorities, collude to carry out systematic demolitions aimed to forcefully displace Palestinians. Which falls within the occupation’s efforts to change the demographic reality in the occupied city.
This systematic policy pursued by Israel takes place without any regards to the principles of international law, which reflects Israels pursuit of demographic change in East Jerusalem by employing all its government, political and security arms.
On the other hand, the two organizations documented two incidents that signify the Israeli occupation’s disregard for Palestinian childhood; such as the summoning of 4-year-old Mohammed Rabi ‘Alayyan, and the 6-year-old Qais Firas Obeid, under the pretext of throwing stones at their forces.
The report also documented 43 Israeli raids on different towns and neighborhoods in occupied East Jerusalem; which entailed the arrest of 102 civilians, including 19 children, a woman, a girl and a female journalist.
For instance, in five raids that included shooting and direct assault in the neighborhoods of occupied East Jerusalem, Israeli forces injured seven civilians, including a child, a journalist and an elderly.
The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor and HUMENA called on the international community to break their silence and undertake serious actions to retribute the crimes of the occupation and its serious violations of the international law and the international humanitarian law.
The report warned that the silence of the international community after said home demolitions in Wadi al-Hummus – which amounts to a war crime of ethnic cleansing – would essentially encourage the Israeli occupation to continue and escalate the policy of house demolitions and forceful displacement of Palestinians in East Jerusalem. The Israeli policy of handing notifications of imminent demolition to Palestinians in the city continues, especially amidst rumors of Israeli plans to destroy more than 25 Palestinian houses under the pretext lacking permits, which Israel rarely grants to any Palestinian properties in the city.
The report also called on the international community to assume its responsibilities towards protecting East Jerusalem and its Palestinian population as inhabitants of an occupied territory, in accordance with the resolutions of the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly, particularly resolution 181.
The two organizations stressed the need for ending the policy of racial discrimination between Palestinians and Israelis through advancing necessary investigations, prosecution and trial procedures to put an end to such violations. They finally called on international organizations concerned with childhood to urgently intervene to protect Palestinian children in East Jerusalem from Israeli arbitrary arrests, summons and house arrests.
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