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Facebook culls another three billion fake profiles

Facebook has published its latest “enforcement report”, which details how many posts and accounts it..

Facebook has published its latest “enforcement report”, which details how many posts and accounts it took action on between October 2018 and March 2019.
During that six-month period, Facebook removed more than three billion fake accounts – more than ever before.

More than seven million “hate speech” posts were removed, also a record high.
For the first time, Facebook also reported how many deleted posts were appealed, and how many were put back online after review.

Facebook said the rise in the number of deleted fake accounts was because “bad actors” were using automated methods to create large numbers of them.
But it said it spotted and deleted a majority of them within minutes, before they had any opportunity to “cause harm”.

The social network will now also report how many posts were removed for selling “regulated goods” such as drugs and guns.
It said it took action on more than one million posts selling guns in the six-month period covered by the report.
For some types of content, such as child sex abuse imagery, violence and terrorist propaganda, the report estimates how often such content was actually seen by people on Facebook.

The report said that out of every 10,000 pieces of content viewed on Facebook:
* fewer than 14 people saw nudity
* about 25 people saw violence or graphic content
* fewer than three people saw child abuse imagery or terrorist propaganda
Overall, about 5% of the monthly active users on Facebook were fake accounts.

For the first time, the report reveals that between January and March 2019 more than one million appeals were made after posts were deleted for “hate speech”.
About 150,000 posts that were found not to have broken the hate speech policy were restored during that period.
Facebook said the report highlighted “areas where we could be more open in order to build more accountability and responsiveness to the people who use our platform”.

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The Most Notable Human Rights Violations as a Result of the Conflict in Syria in October 2019

Press release:
The SNHR released its monthly special report today, which documents the human rights ..

Press release:
The SNHR released its monthly special report today, which documents the human rights situation in Syria, outlining the most notable human rights violations that the SNHR documented in October 2019 at the hands of the main perpetrator parties to the conflict in Syria.
The 19-page report outlines the record of civilian victims documented in October who were killed by the main parties to the conflict, as well as the record of cases of arrests and enforced disappearance. The report also highlights indiscriminate attacks and the use of outlawed weapons (cluster munitions, chemical weapons, barrel bombs, incendiary weapons, nail missiles) and attacks on civilian objects.

The report includes records of these violations distributed according to each of the main perpetrator parties responsible. Accurately ascribing responsibility sometimes requires more time and investigation than usual, especially in the case of joint attacks. On some occasions, when we are unable to definitively assign responsibility for specific attacks to one particular party, as in the case of air strikes by Syrian or Russian warplanes, Syrian-Iranian attacks, or attacks by Syrian Democratic Forces and International Coalition forces, we indicate that responsibility for these attacks is held jointly by the parties in question until we are able to likely establish which one of the parties was responsible, or its proved that the attack was a joint initiative carried out in coordination between the two parties. In addition, in cases where we are unable to definitively assign responsibility for a particular violation to one of two possible parties because of the areas proximity to the lines of engagement, the use of similar weapons, or other reasons, the incident is categorized among other parties until we have sufficient evidence to conclusively assign responsibility for the violation to one of the two parties.

The report draws upon the ongoing daily monitoring of news and developments, and on an extensive network of relations with various sources, in addition to analyzing a large number of photographs and videos.

The report documents in October the deaths of 171 civilians, including 28 children and 18 women (adult female), as well as two media workers, at the hands of the main perpetrator parties in Syria. It also documents the deaths of 27 individuals who died due to torture, and at least one massacre. The toll of victims mentioned above includes the civilian victims killed in the neighboring countries as a result of the conflict in Syria.

The report also documents at least 183 cases of arbitrary arrests, including six children, five women (adult female), at the hands of the main perpetrator parties to the conflict in Syria, with the largest number of these carried out by Syrian Regime forces in Damascus Suburbs governorate.

According to the report, at least 25 attacks on vital civilian facilities were recorded in October, of which six attacks were on schools, one was on a medical facility and three others were on places of worship.

The report details the record of indiscriminate and outlawed attacks documented in October, where Syrian Regime forces carried out three cluster munition attacks, targeting Idlib governorate, which resulted in the deaths of one child and one woman, and injured five civilians.

The report documents in October at least 117 barrel bombs dropped by Syrian regimes air force, fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters, on Latakia governorate.

The report reveals that the evidence we gathered indicates that attacks were directed against civilians and civilian objects. Syrian-Russian alliance forces committed various crimes of extrajudicial killings, arrest, torture, and enforced disappearance. In addition, the indiscriminate attacks they carried out caused the destruction of various facilities and other buildings. There are reasonable grounds to believe that the war crime of attacking civilians has been committed in many cases.

The report stresses that the Syrian government has violated international humanitarian law and customary law, and a number of UN Security Council resolutions, particularly resolution 2139, resolution 2042 on the release of detainees, and resolution 2254, all without any accountability.

SNHR was unable to find any records of any warnings being issued by the Syrian Regime, or by Russian or International Coalition forces prior to any attack in accordance with the requirements of international humanitarian law. This has been the case since the beginning of the popular uprising in 2011, providing further blatant evidence of these forces total disregard for the lives of civilians in Syria.

According to the report, extremist Islamist groups carried out extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests and torture. The report adds that the instances of indiscriminate and disproportionate bombardment carried out by the alliance of International Coalition forces and Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces are considered to be in clear violation of international humanitarian law, with indiscriminate killings amounting to war crimes.

The report calls on the UN Security Council to take additional steps following its adoption of Resolution 2254, and stresses the importance of referring the Syrian case to the International Criminal Court, adding that all those who are responsible should be held accountable including the Russian regime whose involvement in war crimes has been repeatedly proven.
The report also calls on the Security Council to adopt a resolution banning the use of cluster munitions in Syria, similar to the prohibition on the use of chemical weapons, and to include advice on how to safely remove the remnants of such dangerous weapons.

The report also requests that all relevant United Nations agencies make greater efforts to provide food, medical and humanitarian assistance in areas where fighting has ceased, and in internally displaced persons camps, and to follow up with those States that have pledged voluntary contributions.

The report calls for the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect after all political channels have proved fruitless through all agreements, the Cessation of Hostilities statements, and Astana agreements that followed, stressing the need to resort to Chapter VII, and to implement the norm of the Responsibility to Protect, which was established by the United Nations General Assembly.

The report calls on the Independent International Commission of Inquiry (COI) and the International, Impartial, and Independent Mechanism (IIIM) to launch investigations into the cases included in this report and previous reports, and confirms the SNHRs willingness to cooperate and provide further evidence and data.
The report also calls on the United Nations Special Envoy to Syria to condemn the perpetrators of crimes and massacres and those who were primarily responsible for dooming the de-escalation agreements, to reschedule the peace process so that it can resume its natural course despite Russias attempts to divert and distort it, and to empower the Constitutional Commission prior to the establishment of a transitional governing body.

The report emphasizes that the Russian regime must launch investigations into the incidents included in this report, make the findings of these investigations public for the Syrian people, and hold the individuals involved accountable, and demands that the Russian regime, as a guarantor party in Astana talks, should stop thwarting de-escalation agreements, achieve a breakthrough in the issue of detainees by revealing the fate of those forcibly disappeared by the Syrian regime, and stop using cluster munitions and incendiary weapons.

The report also stresses that the Syrian regime must stop the indiscriminate shelling and targeting of residential areas, hospitals, schools and markets, and stop using prohibited munitions and barrel bombs, as well as ending the acts of torture that have caused the deaths of thousands of Syrian citizens in detention centers. The report adds that the Syrian Regime must also reveal the fate of 82,000 Syrian citizens previously arrested by the regimes own security apparatus, whose fate it has concealed to date, and comply with UN Security Council resolutions and customary humanitarian law.

The report also calls on the International Coalition forces to acknowledge that some of their bombing operations have resulted in the deaths of innocent civilians, and demands that the coalition launch serious investigations, as well as compensating and apologizing to the victims and all those affected.
The report stresses that the states supporting the SDF should apply pressure on these forces in order to compel them to cease all of their violations in all the areas and towns under their control, adding that all forms of support, military and all others, should be ceased unless the SDF stops all its violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.
The report also notes that the SDF should form a special committee to investigate incidents of violations committed by SDF members, disclose the details of their findings and apologize for them, hold those responsible accountable, and compensate the victims and affected.

The report calls on the Operation Peace Spring alliance to investigate the incidents that resulted in civilian victims and to determine the causes behind them, to apologize for these, to compensate the victims and to hold those responsible accountable, as well as to work to prevent the recurrence of such incidents. The report adds that the committee established by the Defense Ministry of the Syrian Interim Government to investigate abuses and breaches should publish the findings of its investigations into violations on a dedicated website, update this data regularly, issue recommendations and follow up on their implementation.

The report also calls on the Armed Opposition factions to ensure the protection of civilians in all areas under their control, and urges them to investigate incidents that have resulted in civilian casualties, as well as calling on them to take care to distinguish between civilians and military targets and to cease any indiscriminate attacks.

Lastly, the report stresses the need for international organizations to develop urgent operational plans to secure decent shelter for internally displaced persons.,

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Continuing Israeli attacks in Gaza will result in more crimes against Palestinian civilians

The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor is following with a great concern the military escalatio..

The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor is following with a great concern the military escalation in the Gaza Strip, which broke out on Tuesday dawn after the Israeli army assassinated a military commander in the Gaza Strip.

We Hold the Israeli government responsible for the escalation of violence and see its move to carry out attacks in the Gaza Strip as a practical expression of impunity

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Our field teams monitored the Israeli Air Forces and artillery attacks on a dozen of areas in the Gaza Strip, killing (until 3:30 PM) 23 Palestinians, including civilians, and completely destroying 3 houses, as well as damaging dozens of houses and civilian facilities.

In parallel with the military offensive, the Israeli army closed all border crossings with the Gaza Strip and imposed an almost total ban on fishing, which means depriving the civilian population of basic supplies such as food, fuel and basic needs, in continuation of Israel’s policy of collective punishment against the Gaza Strip for more than 13 years.

The Euro-Med Monitor team documented the response of armed factions in the Gaza Strip by firing dozens of home-made grenades at Israeli communities near the border as well as in cities in central Israel, injuring dozens of Israelis, with the majority of them suffering from shocks.

We hold the Israeli government responsible for the escalation of violence and see its move to carry out attacks in the Gaza Strip as a practical expression of impunity, as the IDF has enjoyed impunity however it has a record of human rights violations, including war crimes and crimes against humanity.

By monitoring the situation on the ground, we warn all parties of the gravity of the situation in the Gaza Strip, and call for a decisive intervention to stop the Israeli military offensive and prevent the development of an all-out offensive that could kill thousands of civilians.

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Yemen: Ongoing Fighting in Al Dhaela Province Triggers New Wave of Displacement

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