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Access constraints gravely impede humanitarian assistance in 60 countries

Introduction

ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview provides a snapshot of the contexts where humanitar..

Introduction

ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview provides a snapshot of the contexts where humanitarian action faces the biggest constraints

ACAPS analysts scored each context on nine variables in order to rank and compare humanitarian access worldwide. Crisis affected populations in about 60 countries are not getting the humanitarian assistance they need due to access constraints.

Eight new countries were included in the ranking since the last ACAPS Humanitarian Access report released in May 2019. Among the indicators, Physical constraints and Restrictions and obstruction to services and assistance are the most common challenges.

This report presents the score boards for all the countries assessed. Narratives are provided only for countries with high, very high, or extreme constraints.

Methodology

Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 dimensions:

  1. Access of people in need to humanitarian aid comprised of 2 indicators:• Denial of humanitarian needs

    • Restriction of access to services and assistance

  2. Access of humanitarian actors to affected population comprised of 4 indicators:• Impediments to entry into country

    • Restriction of movement

    • Interference with humanitarian activities

    • Violence against personnel, facilities and assets

  3. Security and physical constraints comprised of 3 indicators:• Ongoing insecurity/hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance • Presence of UXO and mines • Physical constraints Each indicator is given a score from 0 to 3 and marked X where there was a lack of information.

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Sahel region – Food insecurity (DG ECHO) (ECHO Daily Flash of 3 December 2019)

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  • A combination of conflict, insecurity, forced displacement, implementation of state of emergency measures and climatic shocks will leave an estimated 14.9 million people in need of emergency food assistance (phase 3 to 5) in the Sahel region, between June and August 2020. This translates to a continuous and sharp increase in food insecurity in the last five years across the Sahel.
  • In Northern Nigeria, at least 6.2 million people will require emergency food assistance, while part of the estimated 1.2 million people living in hard-to-reach areas may be at risk of famine.
  • Compared to the 2019 lean season, 2020 food insecurity figures will increase by +100% in Mali and Burkina Faso, +74% in Chad and by +65% in Niger (+80% increase for the G5 countries combined). Mauritania is facing its fourth consecutive drought, meaning that 13.5% of the population will need emergency food assistance in 2020.

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Millions of children at risk as governments fail to protect their rights, leading agencies warn

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The lives of millions of vulnerable children are at risk because the majority of the worlds nations have failed to renew their commitment to childrens rights, six leading international child rights organisations have warned. (more…)

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WHO prequalifies Ebola vaccine, paving way for use in high-risk countries

The World Health Organization (WHO) today prequalified an Ebola vaccine for the first time, a critic..

The World Health Organization (WHO) today prequalified an Ebola vaccine for the first time, a critical step that will help speed up its licensing, access and roll-out in countries most at risk of Ebola outbreaks. This is the fastest vaccine prequalification process ever conducted by WHO. (more…)

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