Birth of Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VI... Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt worked at Egypt, Death of Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt at Egypt, "The Sister", "Κλεοπάτρα Β' της Αιγύπτου". The three monarchs collectively ruled all of Egypt's possessions until violence flared between Ptolemies VI and VIII in 164. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. 8"Wx3.5"Dx4.5"H. 2 lbs. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC.[3]. After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the second to last Hellenistic state and the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander(336–323 BC). Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. This campaign, led as it was by an inexperienced general, was a disaster. [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt was born circa 185 BC, died circa 116 BC. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. Egyptian - Head of a Queen, Perhaps Cleopatra II or Cleopatra III - Walters 22407.jpg 1,800 × 1,684; 2.79 MB. Since the most compelling support of the new regime was its association with the popularity of Cleopatra I, it followed that a union of her daughter to her older son could have the potential to strengthen the dynasty's staying power. ." This Roman action began a long association between Rome and the Ptolemies, which had the effect of establishing Rome's right to intercede in Egyptian affairs—a right that was to grow until Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire. Now married simultaneously to both mother and daughter, Ptolemy VIII was thus able to check Cleopatra II's status at court, being unable to do away with her completely. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. She died about . Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan…, CAMBYSES (Pers., Kambujiya ; Bab., Kam-bu-zi-(ia) ; Aram., Kanbuzi ; Greek, Cambyses ), the son of *Cyrus, king of Persia (530–522 b.c.e.). Perfect gift for the Egyptophile! Cleopatra II married her other brother, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II in 145 BC. HYKSOS , the founders of the Egyptian 15th dynasty; Asiatics who exercised political control over Egypt between approximately 1655 and 1570 b.…, EGYPT , country in N.E. Of the remaining children, Cleopatra III was promised to Ptolemy VIII (154), Cleopatra Thea became enmeshed in Seleucid politics, and Ptolemy Neos Philopator was established as the heir to his parents' joint throne. Cleopatra was the Queen of Ancient Egypt and is still one of the most famous women in world history. Died young in ca 150 BC. Cleopatra III, born between 160 and 155 BC. Immediate Family: Daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt. Knowing that they needed a foreign champion to check Antiochus IV's ambitions in Egypt, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II sent an embassy to Rome to request protection from Seleucid Syria. When that marriage proved to be politically barren, the same daughter was forced to abandon her first husband to marry Demetrius II (145), the son of Demetrius I and thus the enemy of Alexander Balas. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. (In addition, the number of Ptolemy VIII's mistresses were legion, with their offspring granted positions of authority.) 175 BC. Cleopatra II, however, managed to abscond with most of the Egyptian treasury. Murdered by his own father in 130 BC. Retrieved January 13, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce. Cleopatra II herself died shortly after. He finally engineered a successful return in 127, driving her to Syria and the shelter of her son-in-law, King Demetrius II. This forced Ptolemy VI—never popular with the inhabitants of Alexandria after his early failures in Palestine—out of Egypt proper until Rome brought him back to Alexandria and Cleopatra. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. Initially successful, Antiochus left Egypt in 169 with Ptolemy VI reunited with Cleopatra and reinstalled on the throne, and with a strong Seleucid garrison in Pelusium (the fortress that defended Egypt's frontier from Syria). Subsequently, in an effort to equalize their holdings, Ptolemy VIII invaded Cyprus where he was captured by Ptolemy VI (154). (January 13, 2021). Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VI and their brother, Ptolemy VIII, were co-rulers of Egypt from ca 171 BC to 164 BC. Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). She was the last of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Pharaohs set up in Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great.By descent, she and Jesus were Ibna Hashim.After her death, Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. ." As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. This made Cleopatra II the first Ptolemaic queen to gain full political equality with a reigning king—actually, in this case, with two kings. Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. Responding favorably to the request, in 168 the Romans sent an embassy under Gaius Popillius Laenus to demand that the newly returned Antiochus IV leave Egypt for good. https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce, "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) It appear…, Ismail Pasha (1830-1895) was the charming but spendthrift pasha and khedive of Egypt during the decade prior to British occupation. Back in Egypt proper, with all opposition to their rule overcome, Cleopatra and Ptolemy VI ruled peacefully and apparently with competence as joint monarchs until Ptolemy VI's death in 145. Daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt Life at the Ptolemaic court became even more surreal. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. She married Alexander Balas, Demetrius II Nicator and Antiochus VII Sidetes. Born around 183 bce; died in 116 bce; daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I (c. 210–176 bce); sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II; married brother Ptolemy VI Philometor, in 176 bce (died 145 bce); married brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, in 144 bce; children: (first marriage) Ptolemy Eupator; Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator; Cleopatra III Euergetis; Cleopatra Thea; (second marriage) Ptolemy Memphites. They had at least four children: Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physcon in ca 145 BC. Rather, he headed for sanctuary on the sacred Aegean island of Samothrace—a destination he never reached, for the fleet of Antiochus captured him anyway. Although this policy seems to have won Egypt over to the regency of the two underage monarchs, the precariousness of the new arrangement encouraged the Seleucid king Antiochus IV (enthroned, 175) to invade Palestine in 171 to recover that region when Egypt was least able to defend it. Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. The military failure, all the more damaging because of Ptolemy VI's "cowardly" flight, led to a revolution in Alexandria where the population briefly replaced Ptolemy VI, both as king and as the husband of Cleopatra II, with their brother Ptolemy VIII. "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. She was married about -29 to Juba II King of Mauretania King of Mauretania, they had 2 children. went badly for Antony, and it started the fall of Egypt and her queen. Thereafter, he invaded Egypt to return his recent antagonist, Ptolemy VI, to the throne. Encyclopedia.com. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. When Cleopatra realized her defeat was inevitable, she committed suicide in 30 B.C.E., marking the end of the Ptolemaic rule and the fall of Egypt to Roman control. The known Battle of Actium in 31 B.C.E. 175 BC. Wife of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt. Biography Queen of Egypt. Under Roman pressure, however, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra "forgave" their younger brother, and in order to win a "reconciliation" betrothed one of their daughters (Cleopatra III Euergetis) to her uncle. Keep reading for more facts about the famous Egyptian queen. Born between 163 and 160 BC. Cleopatra, royal queen of Egypt, reclines across a treasure box laden with elaborate Egyptian imagery including hieroglyphics, an Eye of Horus, an ankh and winged gryphons. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. Murdered in 130 BC by Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon in ca 145 BC. Ptolemy Eupator, born in 166 BC. They had at least one son: Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. Exactly why she became so established is a matter of conjecture, but most likely she had a talent for political affairs and was considered by all concerned as essential to the continued collaboration of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII. Ptolemy Memphites. Murdered by her son in ca 120 BC. Knowing that the Romans had already soundly defeated his father, and also knowing that they had recently crushed the Macedonians in Europe under Perseus, Antiochus caved in to the Roman ambassador and left Egypt permanently. Cleopatra Thea born in ca 164 BC. Ptolemy VI Philometor joined Antiochus IV outside Alexandria. Encyclopedia.com. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Cleopatra Kom Ombo.JPG 1,536 × 2,048; 779 KB. She was married to Ptolemy VI Philometor King of Egypt King of Egypt, they had 2 children. Ptolemy VIII is said to have had his son dismembered and his head, hands and feet sent to Cleopatra II in Alexandria as a birthday present. Hoping to improve their standing through a deft manipulation of marriage politics, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra initially betrothed their daughter Cleopatra Thea to a pretender, Alexander Balas, who had seized the Syrian throne from its king Demetrius I (150). [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. Eventually, tensions at court erupted into civil war (132), and Ptolemy VIII was driven temporarily to Cyprus with Cleopatra III and his children. Cleopatra II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c. 185-116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt. Alexandria, Egypt, Born c. 160 - 155 BC. Cleopatra III (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c.160–101 BC) was a queen of Egypt.She ruled at first with her mother Cleopatra II and husband Ptolemy VIII from 142 to 131 BC and again from 127 to 116 BC. 13 Jan. 2021 . Before his death, Ptolemy VI fathered four children with Cleopatra II: Ptolemy Eupator, Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, Cleopatra III Euergetis, and Cleopatra Thea. This area had long been a bone of contention, having both been lost and won back by Antiochus IV's father, Antiochus III. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC. For Antiochus, there was influence to be gained through a manipulation of the rivalry engulfing the Ptolemaic house, that is, until more calculating heads held sway in Alexandria. The daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I , Cleopatra II had two brothers, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II. Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt: 14,00€ 2: Illustrated History of Cleopatra Queen of Egypt: 100 educational books are recommended (English Edition) 5,89€ 3: History of Cleopatra: Queen of Egypt - Large Print: 16,98€ 4: Cleopatra (2 DVDs) 6,95€ 5: History of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt - Original & Unabridged & Special Edition (ANNOTATED) (English Edition) 2,48€ 6: Cleopatra Rules! Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, was one of the most famous women in history.Her full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (69 BC – 12 August 30 BC). When Antiochus IV decided to exploit the weak reign of his nephew and niece to reclaim Palestine, he was opposed by Ptolemy VI (170). Since Cleopatra II had the Egyptian treasury in hand, and since important regions in Upper Egypt remained loyal to her alone even after Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III controlled Lower Egypt, Cleopatra II was made "welcome" by her brother and daughter. Declaring himself and his sister-wife Cleopatra II no longer subject to a regency (although he was still in his mid-teens), Ptolemy VI followed with an attack of his own on Palestine. Geni requires JavaScript! Death: September -121 (44-53) 101 Bce In Egypt. Cleopatra Selene II Queen of Mauretania Queen of Mauretania was born on 25 DEC -40 in الاسكندرية Egypt, daughter of Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Became co-regent with his father for a short time, but died at a young age in ca 152 BC. Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ; 69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. Cleopatra I Syra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σύρα; c. 204 – 176 BC) was a princess of the Seleucid Empire, Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt by marriage to Ptolemy V of Egypt, and regent of Egypt during the minority of their son, Ptolemy VI, from her husband’s death in 180 BC until her own death in 176 BC. They had at least four children:[1][2]. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. After the capture of Ptolemy VI, Antiochus seems to have had ambitions on the Egyptian throne for himself until he learned of the accession of Ptolemy VIII. The first of these predeceased both of his parents. Women who Changed the World - "for Rebel Girls", Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned). This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Cleopatra II was initially cited as a full equal of her husband in the original petition against Antiochus IV before the Roman Senate, and her status was confirmed in Egyptian documents shortly thereafter. Died young in ca 150 BC. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt. [1], In ca 169 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt. Hand painted in faux gold and ebony, this quality designer resin work of functionally decorative art was created exclusively for Design Toscano. In the next year, his garrison on Cyprus was also expelled and that island was returned to its Ptolemaic masters. Ptolemy (D), born ca 152 BC. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt married her brother, Ptolemy VI Philometor circa 173 BC. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Berenice, a daughter. However, the date of retrieval is often important. She was probably the middle of the three siblings. They had at least one son:[1][2]. Fuad I Cleopatra II herself died shortly after.[1]. ." As a result of Ptolemy VI's demise, Cleopatra II served briefly as regent for Ptolemy Neos Philopator, the younger of her sons. "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) . The latter took both personal and political affront at the Egyptian change of heart. Although Cleopatra II died in 116 exhausted by years of trials and tribulations, she had the satisfaction of outliving Ptolemy VIII by a few months. Fuad I This under-age marriage was arranged by Eulaeus (a eunuch) and Lenaeus (an ex-slave), two regents who, in lieu of anyone better situated, assumed their authority after Cleopatra I's death. Fuad I (1868-1936) was the first king of modern Egypt. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Divine Queen. [1][2], Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. She was the sister of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy X, Cleopatra Selene I and Tryphaena.. Cleopatra IV married her brother Ptolemy IX when he was still a … After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. Cleopatra II and III Kom Ombo Temple.jpg 1,124 × 1,752; 613 KB. Although Antiochus III had recovered Palestine in war (200), he endowered his daughter Cleopatra I with Palestine when he gave her in marriage to Ptolemy V, and the region reverted back to Ptolemaic control. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. . She was the last of the Pharaohs set up in Egypt by Alexander the Great and was a Macedonian Princess by decent. Basalt statue of Cleopatra VII (51-30 b.c.) Thereafter, a balance reigned between the interests and factions of Cleopatra II and of Ptolemy VIII-Cleopatra III. Only six or seven when her mother died in 176 (her father died in 180), Cleopatra II was quickly married to her older brother, who was likely no older than ten at the time. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. https://www.geni.com/people/Cleopatra-II-Queen-of-Egypt/6000000003645853743 In fact, she would never be the sole ruler of Egypt in name, sharing the official title with her brothers and her son. He assumed power in 1917 as sultan of Egypt, signifying the legally subordinate…, Ibrahim Pasha (1789-1848) was an outstanding Turkish military and administrative leader in the eastern Mediterranean area of the Ottoman Empire. Cleopatra VII (Queen) of EGYPT (subject of Shakespeare play) External page: Omitted from Michael Hart's 100 Most Influential List but ranked #29 in Pantheon's list In 142 BC Ptolemy VIII took Cleopatra's younger daughter, his niece, Cleopatra III, as wife. Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. Although Balas was unsuccessful in a military campaign fought in Palestine against the allied forces of Ptolemy VI and Demetrius II, Ptolemy VI died during this war as a result of a wound sustained when he fell from his horse. Sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt, Cleopatra II (in Greek, Κλεοπάτρα — c. 185–116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt, Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. In ca 169 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt. Cleopatra II.jpg 820 × 2,402; 519 KB. Cleopatra IV was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt.She was born between 138 and 135 BC. Not long after his return to Egypt and his marriage to Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VIII married the long-promised Cleopatra III (142), the daughter of his wife. She died about -116 in Egypt. Egyptian law forced her to share her new role as pharaoh with Ptolemy XIII, her younger brother. Mother of Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt; Ptolemy Eupator ., died young; Cleopatra Thea; Berenice; Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned) and 3 others; Arsinoe ., of Egypt; Ptolemy (D) and Ptolemy Memphites « less His death occurred as a result of Egypt's reinvolvement in the affairs of the Seleucid Empire. She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. Cleopatra II of Egypt ... Media in category "Cleopatra II" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 bce) Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. When Cleopatra died, Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. Although Cleopatra II (with the help of a band of Jewish mercenaries) attempted to hold out against her brother, the Greek citizens of Alexandria weighed in decisively behind the return of Ptolemy VIII. 15. Not the type to miss an opportunity for vengeance, while in exile Ptolemy VIII sent as a birthday gift to Cleopatra II the dismembered body of their son, Ptolemy Memphites. . Realizing that the brothers would never rule in harmony, Rome arranged a division of Ptolemaic possessions, giving Egypt and Cyprus to the older brother and his wife, and Cyrene to the younger. Born between 144 and 142 BC. Berenice, possibly a daughter. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt Queen of Egypt was born about -190 in Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I Syra Queen of Egypt Queen of Egypt. He… With the foreign threat eased, Rome then worked out a compromise intended to keep Syria out of Egypt's affairs: it was agreed that Egypt should be ruled by the trinity of siblings—Ptolemy VI, Cleopatra II, and Ptolemy VIII. To make the link between the newly married couple and their deceased mother even more patent, both Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VI began to be designated as "Philometor," that is, "Mother-loving.". Cleopatra II ruled Egypt from 130 BC to 127 BC when she was forced to flee to Syria, where she joined her daughter Cleopatra Thea and her son-in-law Demetrius II Nicator. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. However, this arrangement did not last for long because Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt to reclaim it as his own. As a result, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII (144), and the life of her younger son with Ptolemy VI was forfeited. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. William S. Greenwalt , Associate Professor of Classical History, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, California. Cleopatra became co-ruler of Egypt at the death of her father in 51 BC. Other brother, Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124.. Defend Egypt against his efforts to return II Tryphon in ca 145 BC leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra out... Three siblings in addition, the number of Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra Philometor... Queen of Ancient Egypt and is still one of the most famous women in world History: a Encyclopedia. Is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content II led a rebellion against Ptolemy Euergetes! Cleopatra III out of Egypt was born circa 185 BC, Antiochus IV Syria... 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Clara University, Santa Clara, California died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III, as.... Co-Ruler of Egypt 's possessions until violence flared between Ptolemies VI and Ptolemy VIII Cleopatra! 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https: //www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce, `` Cleopatra II led a rebellion against VIII!

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